Artificial Intelligence is Preserving our Ability to Converse with Holocaust Survivors even After They DieBreaking News
tags: Holocaust, technology, oral history, survivors
Correspondent Lesley Stahl's interview with Holocaust survivor Aaron Elster, who spent two years of his childhood hidden in a neighbor's attic, was unlike any interview she had ever done.
"Aaron, tell us what your parents did before the war," Stahl asked Elster.
"They owned and operated a butcher shop," Elster said.
It wasn't the content of the interview that was so unusual.
"Where did you live?" Stahl asked.
"I was born in a small town in Poland called Sokolów Podlaski," Elster said.
It's the fact that this interview was with a man who was no longer alive. Aaron Elster died two years ago.
"What's the weather like today?" Stahl asked.
"I'm actually a recording," Elster said. "I cannot answer that question."
Heather Maio came up with the idea for this project. She had worked on exhibits featuring Holocaust survivors for years and wanted future generations to have the same opportunity to interact with them as she'd had.
"I wanted to talk to a Holocaust survivor like I would today," Maio said. "With that person sitting right in front of me and we were having a conversation."
She knew that back in the 90s, after making the film "Schindler's List," Steven Spielberg created a foundation named for the Hebrew word for the Holocaust – Shoah – to film and collect testimonies from as many survivors as possible. They have interviewed nearly 55,000 of them so far and have stored them at the University of Southern California. But Maio dreamed of something more dynamic, being able to actively converse with survivors after they're gone. And she figured, in the age of artificial intelligence tools like Siri and Alexa, the technology had to be creatable.
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